“Dragon” is a Chinese company registered in Hong Kong that engages in business collaborations in China
In 2009, Dragon was introduced to an Israeli company by the name of KAIIMA BIO AGRITECH LTD (KAIIMA). KAIIMA engages in the enhancement and improvement of agricultural crops.
Both companies began establishing connections for the purpose of distributing KAIIMA’s products in China.
Yitzchak and Zohara Atia are the owners of an agricultural farm in Moshav Amioz, situated in the western Negev area and known by the name of the “Gaza envelope.” The Atia family employed three foreign workers from Thailand in their agricultural farms for a few years. After the termination of their employment, the 3 workers filed a claim in the Labor Court of Be’er-Sheva for the amount of ILS 537,107, in which they claimed that they are entitled to different rights under labor laws.
I Option Group Company (the “Company”) operated a securities trading online website for the purpose of trading in binary options. The shareholders and managers of the Company and a number of businessmen engaged in contacts for the purpose of making an investment in the Company, and in 2013 two agreements were signed between the Company and the investors, when one of these agreements was referred to as a “Loan Agreement” and the second was referred to as a “Letter of Intent.”
In 2011, Shikun & Binui - Solel Boneh (Infrastructures) Ltd. entered into a contract with Packer Construction Steel to supply 20,000 tons of iron to Shikun & Binui's construction sites across Israel.
In practice, despite Shikun & Binui's commitment, it ordered only 14,616 tons of iron from Packer. As of April 2014, it stopped ordering iron from Packer and began ordering iron from other suppliers.
Packer filed a lawsuit with the court, arguing that Shikun & Binui should be ordered to pay them NIS 5.5 million for goods supplied and unpaid for, as well as NIS 10 million for the balance iron quantity that has not yet been ordered or for the loss of profit caused to Packer due to the non-ordering of the iron balance.
Let us first clarify the meaning of “back-to-back”: a customer publishes a tender for some construction work. The customer hires a main contractor who takes upon itself the total responsibility for the entire task. The main contractor then hires subcontractors to execute parts of the task (e.g. electrical, plumbing, furniture etc.).
A clause in the contract signed by the main contractor and its subcontractors states that the main contractor shall pay the subcontractor only after they are paid by the customer. This clause is intended to protect the main contractor. In many cases, the customer may refuse to pay the main contractor yet the main contractor is still liable to pay its subcontractors. This may cause the main contractor to incur great losses and even to default.
Itzhak Reitman is an Israeli businessman who places workers to perform works in various worldwide projects, among other things. On February 24, 2008, Itzhak’s company entered into contract with a Chinese company called "Jiangsu Overseas Group Co. LTD” to recruit and place Chinese construction workers in a construction project in the Ukraine.
Ultimately, the contract was terminated, the Chinese workers returned to China, and a lawsuit was filed against Itzhak with the Court in Nantong, in the Chinese Jiangsu District. The Chinese Court accepted the Chinese company’s lawsuit and ordered Itzhak to pay it approximately ILS 6,500,000 (about USD 1.8 million).